John Keats As a Romantic Poet- Part II
"Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness!
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun;"
In September, 1819, Keats wrote a letter to Reynolds from Winchester describing the beauty of the fields and his intention of writing a poem on the beautiful landscape. He says "how beautiful the season is now...".
The Concept of Negative Capability and John Keats:
As a true romantic, Keats insists upon the neutrality of the poet. He believes that a poet must write without any prejudice and the ability to experience a phenomena free from the bounds of "theory of knowledge" or presupposed conceptions and beliefs. Keats captures the beauty of Nature without being influenced by his prior knowledge. For example, autumn is considered the season of approaching gloom in the shape of winter but the poet is fascinated with the beauty of the rich and striking scenery about him and is forced to compose a poem on the beauty of autumn against prior and established knowledge.
Escapist views of John Keats:
All romantic poets are escapists in essence. They tend to shun reality in the favor of the ideal. They lose themselves into the realm of poetic fancy and imagination. For example in "Ode to Nightingale", Keats overpowers the doubts of his mind and says to the nightingale:
"Away! away! for I will fly to thee"
The escapist idealism forces the poet to leave the painful realism and enter into ideal life of nightingale. The poet wants to disappear with the joyous nightingale. He wishes to "fade far away, dissolve and quite forget" the human miseries and pains; the nightingale has never tasted of such "weariness" and sings.
Read Part I...