Learn Indefinite Tenses in English Grammar:

Present Indefinite Tense in English Grammar:

A sentence related to present that reports an action, chain of incidents, routines or habits etc. is called present indefinite tense:

a) He goes to school. ( It reports going to school, a routine)

b) I do my work. (It shows habitual behavior or general attitude)

c) The teachers fulfill their commitment. ( Here, usual response of teachers is reported)

What do we need to remember here?

We use 1st form of verb in Present Indefinite Tense. There is no helping verb in simple sentences, however, interrogatives and negatives do take helping verb do.

Note: Helping verb may also be used in affirmative sentences of Present Indefinite Tense; find the difference in below sentences.

a) I go to school.

b) I do go to school.

Interrogative and Negative Formation of Present Indefinite Tense:

Do is used as a helping verb to form negative or interrogative sentences; however, it is quite interesting that do is also a verb which may take different forms. We also know that form of verb cannot be changed twice in a single clause, therefore:

1) I do not go to school. ( No change in verb form)

2) He does not go to school. (Change in verb form i.e. addition of es attached to do the verb which comes first and not added to the verb go which comes later to that.